Ring C: 6/11: Escinet
Lahè! esna plâto klèmseteng hruwig aca, wa fant
trazamo tra fret, jufche ma gzanezbespo trawigche
teg. teche shortum ezdêsto ma shèrca gza
teloksang. wa turum eskâm buzheca helsa dadunjeso
eltot fantod. ke teche egdar wrêhiwo jolgche, ke
fantum plapoto cish gzambde zlog.
Lahè! zhurum gzante bîg murche dêldo ma. Mâm
lalegho gzanezbes shorca ezwângche. Egdarum
telhazo frohlòncni. eskâm braboko pinch freca ur
mag dahu, a esna plâto klèmseteng, ke eska sreko
gza monceg fanca, jufche mâm naltespo ke dzemespo
zlo. short gzanezbo.
Lahè! pormat cah, ris nêzbe, eskâd.
To chase away the pain of snowtime
Look! It is a too cold month of the year; a boy
walks through a garden, because he wants to reach
a place on its other side. A carriage waits
(there) to bring him to university. A big cat of
reddish yellow colour sits down on the boy¹s
shoulder. There, the animal balances in a skilful
way, while the boy tries to get it away from him.
Look! Afterwards, worry creeps into him slowly -
he knows that the carriage will arrive soon. The
animal could cause trouble. The cat tries to
touch a wall of the garden in front of it with a
paw, but it is too cold, and the cat crawls into
the boy¹s bag, because it wants to hide and
Look! An interesting day ahead for the cat.
Two notes: Two neighbouring vowels are
contracted: The first one is lengthened, the
second one is disappearing. Endings whose vowel
is marked with brackets lose their vowel without
lengthending of the preceding one. Generally,
sounds of affixes marked with brackets are purely
If two similar consonants would appear in a row,
only one of them is written. Thus, teloksan-ni
becomes teloksani. Beware, /ts/ is always written
"c", even if it is the result of additional
Escinet is a ergative-absolutive language with
S-V-O word order. Since its nouns are marked with
case endings, word order is not very strict.
Adjectives come before the noun they describe.
Nouns are marked with cases. In this text, the following cases appear:
The absolutive (no suffix in the singular, -ni in
the plural) which is used for objects in
transitive sentences and the subject in
The ergative (ending -um) for the subject of transitive sentences.
The genetive (suffix -sa) marks attributes
The dative (ending -od) if something is done for
someone, in his favour or it is a goal. A dative
can also mark the possessor of something.
The temporalis or locative (ending -(e)g) is used
for spatial or temporal expressions, i.e. how
long is something going on or where do I come
The instrumental case (ending -(w)u) marks
something that was used to achieve the described
The adverbial case (-che) is used to transform
nouns or adjectives in adverbs; some can be used
as conjunctions as well.
Compounds are formed by combining roots. The last
root is the determined one, the earlier roots the
Adjectives use the same case declensions as
nouns. The elative has the ending -eng and is
used if something is "very Š" or "too Š".
Verbs are marked for mood, evidentiality and
aspect. In the text, the following affixes appear:
-è imperative mood
-haz potientialis mood: a likely action (i can do sthg.)
-esp optative mood: a desired action ( i want to do sthg.)
modal endings come directly after the word root
-o evidential ending: this marks something one
tells although one does not know it firsthand,
i.e. someone told him.
-be evidential ending: something the speaker has
witnessed himself, or he is so sure of it as if
he had witnessed it himself.
Evidential endings come always last.
Ca: reduplication for perfect action, i.e. it has
happened but its effects are still noticeable.
The reduplication works this way: You doube the
first consonant of the word and insert an "a" in
between, e.g. shert > shashert
Co: infix for inchoative action, i.e. it begins
or is just to begin, or I try to do it. The infix
works this way: You take the first consonant and,
insert it after the vowel of the word root,
followed by an "o", e.g. shert > sheshort
ê: for durative action, that is action that is
ongoing for a while, the vowel of the word root
Deverbal nouns can be formed by adding -s to the
root and changing the vowel: e becomes è, a
esna-construction: esna + plat is frequently used
as dummy phrase, like "there is" or "it is".
||this, this one (demonstrative pronoun)|
||that one (demonstrative pronoun)|
||to creep, to fall, to overcome|
||to sit down on sthg.; to take place, to take a seat|
||ro care, to caress, to comfort, to stroke|
||to wait for|
||towards, to, in + locative|
|gzambde away (preposition + locative)|
|gzanezb to arrive|
||after, back from|
||a cause, a reason|
|klèmset cold (adj.)|
|ke - ke while, Š|
||to see, to get accustomed to, to learn about|
||to chase away, to frighten off intentionally|
||to hide, to lock away|
||to give, to happen, to have|
||to transport, to transfer, to carry|
||to crawl, to creep|
||make, produce, weave|
||through, across (preposition + absolutive)|
|trawigt on the other side, opposite of (adjective)|
||great, big, large|
||before, in front of (preposition + locative)|
||one, a certain|
||to balance, to maintain balance|
||oneself (demonstrative pronoun)|