Ring B: 20/20: Mærik

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[ Mærik | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary | Abbrevs. ]

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Thils oopno mæssnzanz Malærch wallgh.

Fere øywert fryggmannum bodhom. Trække verghtam rijskum trækkium widhfesnkmankum tughom. Øwia slatrand høghtz bæt selnert kiolld bæt bordha. Landba verght rymben rokkum gladdmannum. Stapa klijdh fiaadhand, trøørr ganta plænd vekth eddg. Æria kiolliænni hett vinz. Kændria grellann walld ros, fere øywert. Vro roko kiollann fyrgh mæssnk.

Smooth Translation

Here tells of the lake by the hand of Malær.

He was happy in the past winter. He dwells in a big house of stone out in the wasteland. He always looks for a white and shining ship and waited. There stands a big a big bird on his shoulder. He tries to chase away the animal, but it won't move away. He enters the ship full of fear. The teacher shakes his hand, he is happy. Now the shipp sails across the lake.


The full grammar description can be found here.

=== Morphology ===

-a, -e, -o: present tense ending.
-am: locative ending with adjectives.
-an(n): clitic definite article.
-ch: portamanteau of genitive and instrumental ending.
-dh, -d, -th: accusative ending.
-gh, -g: instrumental ending.
-k, -kk: genitive ending.
-s, -z: dative ending.
-(u)m: locative ending.
-ænn: variant of definite article after allative ending.

=== Grammar ===

Word order is VSO.

Both the noun and the clitic definite article take case

There is _Suffixaufnahme_, i.e. a further case ending
agreeing with the head noun is added after a genitive

The citation form of verbs, ending in _-a/-e/-o_ is the
(third person) present indicative.  The gerund or infinitive
consists of the bare stem without this ending.  The vowel of
the stem may get doubled to indicate a long vowel -- NB that
the doubling of _i_ is usually written _ij_.

Note that a negated sentence is impersonally constructed
with the verb _ganta_ "there is not", the main verb standing
in the (endingless) gerund and the agent in the instrumental

There are some idioms employing a dative where other cases
might be expected.

Don't confuse the adverb ending -om and the locative ending
-(u)m.  (They *are* historically related however!)

Adverbs may be used as prepositions.


ann pron. "that, the"
bodhom adv. "before"
bordha v. "wait"
bæt conj. "and"
edd pron. "that (far), it"
fere v. "to be"
fia n. "animal"
frygg n. (stem _fryggi-) "winter"
fyrgh adv./prep. witb genitive "across, through"
ganta v. "there is not"
gladd n. "shoulder"
grell n. "teacher"
hett adj. "full"
høght adj. : "white"
kioll n. "ship"
klidha v. "chase, chase away"
kændria v. "shake"
landba v. "stand"
myre v. "build"
mæssn n. "lake"
oopno v. "tell"
plænde v. "move something away"
ris n. "stone"
ro pron. "he"
roko v. "sail"
rymben n. "bird"
selnert (participle) "shining"
slatrand adv. "always"
stapa v. "try, attempt"
thils adv. "here"
trækk n. (stem _trækki-) "house"
trække v. "dwell, live"
trøørr conj. "but"
tughom adv./prep. "out in, on the outside"
wall n. "hand"
vek pron. "-self"
verght adj. "big"
widhfesn n. "forsaken land, wasteland"
vin n. "fear"
vro adv. "now"
æria v. "enter"
øwia v. "look for"
øywert adj. "happy"


adj.: adjective
adv.: adverb
conj.: conjunction
n.: noun
pron.: pronoun
v.: verb

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March 17th, 2006
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