Ring B: 11/20: Old Tükwäi

Leland Paul
[ Relay 13 | Ring A | Ring B | Ring C | Conlangs | Participants ]
[ Old Tükwäi | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

<< iljena Silindion >>

Old Tükwäi

łasj doxir nös ömismöi. njäräk ljäirs-käärip mena müsöim loosłi ee.

sjela ljäirs-käärip rookti, kjallel maapwim määkjil do önjinsöi kwanrel twa. hülnel maapwim nas önjitköi se ääŋljin. süsjmel saaxil mol nootsi nas mjün öpwipdöi. müsöim paslel pasjak sääxil masjdel ee. kaksjel saaxil pwüpdöi e ömismöi na kjallel njünöis-määkjil e äätjrið kwanrel twa.

pootwol määpwin sjöi njünöis-määkjil kwanrel pwa. damlel mani mjün kaakisj mena dadsel nääljin. djast naaljin ljoorsi ee, maapwin ðoosti sü sjöi njünöis-määkjil e äätrjrið kwanrel pwa.

lasłel maapwin sjela ääkrip e kwiinrö e njünöis-ääkjil e äätjrið.

Smooth Translation

(Using the "singular they" to avoid gender specification.)

This is a story about a youth. Winter was removed so as to make the youth happy.

During a long winter, a student sees a ship made of ice arriving. The student lives in a field by a wall. A small dark bird sits on the their shoulder. The youth attempts to force the bird to move. The bird grips the youth's shoulder and sees the ice-ship of the teacher arriving.

The student worries about why the ice-ship is arriving. They raise their hand to touch the wall. Because the wall is cold, the student becomes calm regarding the arrival of the teacher's ice-ship.

The student rejoices in the time of the arrival of the teacher's ice ship.


Transcription -- All consonantal phonemes in Old Tükwäi are represented using monographs, with these exceptions: <pw tw kw> are all digraphs for single labialized consonants. A <j> indicates palatization of the preceding consonant. (These facts facts will be necessary in deciphering the above text.)

Morphology -- Old Tükwäi follows a root-and-pattern system, similar to the Semitic languages. All roots are triconsonantal. There are six verbal patterns and nine nominal patterns; the verbal patterns consist only of a thematic vowel, while the nominal patterns specify all vowels to be used and their placement among the consonants. See the respective sections on nominals and verbals, below.

Nominals -- All roots may be nominalized using nine different "grades"; within each grade there are three separate patterns corresponding to the nominative, accusative, and oblique cases, respectively. A chart of the nominal grades follows, with the grades not necessary for this translation omitted.

               Nominative    Accusative    Oblique
I)Actor        1aa2i3        1ää2i3        ää12i3
II)Patient     1o2i3         1ö23äi        1o23ai
IV) Process    1i2öö3        1ii23ö        1äi23öö
VI) Causer     1ä23          1äi23i        1äi23ü
IX) Result     1ü2öim        1ü23öi        ö1i23öi

The Result grade is perhaps a slight catch-all category, semantically: It signifies either "that which results from" or "that which has the quality of." Where unclear, idiomatic usage will be noted in the lexicon.

Verbals -- All roots may be verbalized into six different "grades" and conjugated for one of four persons (I, thou, it, and one). The verbal grades are grouped into two categories (Stative and Dynamic), each with an Active, Mediopassive, and Applicative grade. The verbal grades are presented below:

I)Active         -ü-
II)Passive       -oo-
III)Applicative  -ö-
IV) Active       -a-
V)Passive        -ä-
VI)Applicative   -äi-

The thematic vowel of each verbal grade is inserted into the root a) between the first two consonants in the case of a suffix conjugation, b) between the second two consonants in the case of a prefix conjugation, and c) between both the first and second and second and third consonants in the case of the null conjugation (which represents both the 4th person singular and the infinitive form). The conjugations are as follows:

1  ha-
2  -ið
3  -el
4  0       ->Most commonly used as the infinitive in this passage.

An example: KTM is the root for "thought." Therefore, katam - "to think," but katmel "he/she/it thinks."

Adjectives may be derived using the second grade and the suffix -i.

Syntax -- Old Tükwäi follows a relatively strict VSO word order, although occasionally important constituents may be fronted. Adjectives always follow their head nouns, while possessive pronouns precede them. Existential and attributive clauses may be formed by simply placing an "Existential Particle" after the noun phrase; only three such particles are used in this translation, each associated with a different aspect: ee - aorist twa - progressive sü - inceptive These particles are also used for relative phrases: The head noun of the phrase is followed by the relative clause followed by the proper particle.


djast    - because
do       - composed of
e        - of (genitive)
łjasj    - this
mani     - 3rd person nominative
mena     - for the purpose of, so that, in order to
mol      - small (A borrowing, therefore not derived from a root.)
mjün     - 3rd person possessive
nas      - in, on
nös      - about
ŋa       - and
se       - near, by
sjela    - during
sjöi     - why, for what reason

DXR    - tell (nominal grade II -- "story")
DML    - raise
 DDS    - touch
HLN    - reside
KRP    - time
KwNR   - arrive
KjLL   - see
KKSj   - grip (nominal grade I -- "hand")
LjRS   - be cold (idiom: ljäirs-käärip -- "time of cold, winter")
LSŁ    - happy, rejoice
MSM    - be young (nominal grade IX -- "a youth")
MPwM   - to learn (nominal grade I -- "student")
MKjL   - sail (nominal grade I -- "ship")
MSjD   - move
NjNS   - freeze
NjRK   - remove
NjTK   - flat (nominal grade IX -- "plain, field")
NTS    - dark
ŊLjN   - wall
PSL    - attempt
PSjK   - force to, cause to
PwPD   - shoulder (ie, the body part)
PTwL   - worry
RKT    - be long (in duration)
SXL    - fly (grade I -- "bird")
SSjM   - sit, rest
TjRÐ   - teach
ÐST    - calm

<< iljena Silindion >>



March 7th, 2006
Comments? Suggestions? Corrections? You can drop me a line.