Ring B: 19/22: Escinet
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Sumar ezberod ke ezbèhirtod
Wu chûmi prâtespbe jamni dramni bizwun urpròcwun:
Lamumi plâtè jam zrandsa tûd jufche jamsa gwaca riksa.
Lamumi mînè cam ke shiftni rini lôwbe tra jam hadz.
Lamumi ombpapodzè mani urnuzhsod ur dramegzh risum ilblatespbe fani.
Lamumi mîne bisni mustetni ke iwarketni leshgsni.
Esna plâto must plâcod wa ezber wâd ezbèhirtod.
Wu chû îlzespbe big caheg ke nezbsegzh jamegzh cahegzh.
A hymn for a bride and a bridegroom
O may you tell all the gods these promises:
We want to give all our gratitude to you because of all the beautiful things.
We want to sing of the moon and the stars that shine through the whole night.
We raise our hands to worship the gods who may give us children.
We want to sing of this good and young loving ones.
It is good for one bridegroom to have one bride.
O may you be happy on this day and all days that come.
Escinet is a ergative-absolutive language with S-V-O word order. Since its nouns are marked with case endings, word order is not very strict. Adjectives come before the noun they describe.
Nouns are marked with cases. In this text, the following cases appear: The absolutive (no suffix in the singular, -ni in the plural) which is used for objects in transitive sentences and the subject in intransitive sentences.
The ergative (ending -um, plural -umi) for the subject of transitive sentences.
The genetive (suffix -sa, plural -san) marks attributes
The dative (ending -od, plural -odz) if something is done for someone, in his favour or it is a goal. A dative can also mark the possessor of something.
The temporalis or locative (ending -(e)g, plural -(e)gzh) is used for spatial or temporal expressions, i.e. how long is something going on or where do I come from etc.
The instrumental case (ending -(w)u) marks something that was used to achieve the described action.
The adverbial case (-che) is used to transform nouns or adjectives in adverbs; some can be used as conjunctions as well.
The pronouns bis and ris have a slightliy irregular declension: The final s is often dropped or changes.
Compounds are formed by combining roots. The last root is the determined one, the earlier roots the determiners.
Adjectives use the same case declensions as nouns. The elative has the ending -eng and is used if something is "very Š" or "too Š". They are formed by adding -(e)t to a noun root.
Verbs are marked for mood, evidentiality and aspect. In the text, the following affixes appear:
|-esp||optative mood: a desired action ( i want to do sthg.)|
modal endings come directly after the word root
|-o||evidential ending: this marks something one tells although one does not know it firsthand, i.e. someone told him.|
|-be||evidential ending: something the speaker have witnessed myself, or he is so sure of it as if he had witnessed it himself.|
evidential endings come always last
|Ca:||reduplication for perfect action, i.e. it has happened but its effects are still noticeable. The reduplication works this way: You take the first consonant of the word, double it and insert an "a" in between, e.g. shert > shashert|
|Co:||infix for inchoative action, i.e. it begins or is just to begin, or I try to do it. The infix works this way: You take the first consonant and, insert it after the vowel of the word root, and insert then an "o", e.g. shert > sheshort|
|ê:||for durative action, that is action that is ongoing for a while, the vowel of the word root is lengthenend.|
For punctual action, no change to the root occurs.
Deverbal nouns can be formed by adding -s to the root and changing the vowel: e becomes è, a becomes ò.
esna-construction: esna + plat are frequently used as dummy phrase, like "there is" or "it is".
Attributive verbaladjectives precede the noun; however, attributes to the verbaladjective are often used between the adjective and the respective noun.
Two neighbouring vowels are contracted: The first one is lengthened, the second one is disappearing. Endings whose vowel is marked with brackets lose their vowel without lengthending of the preceding one. Generally, sounds of affixes marked with brackets are purely optional. If two similar consonants would appear in a row, only one of them is written. Thus, teloksan-ni becomes teloksani. Beware, /ts/ is always written "c", even if it is the result of additional affixes.
|bis||this (demonstrative pronoun)|
|dram||spiritual being (Prakyat loanword)|
|dun||preposition: down onto (+ locative)|
|dungle||to pour; to rain down|
|dunshar||to possess something|
|ezber||lilly; metaphorical "bride"|
|ilblat||a gift; to bestow something upon someone;|
|ilz||joy; happiness; to be happy|
|jam||all of them; all|
|man||hand (body part)|
|min||to sing; to praise|
|nabluz||to ward off, repulse; to protect|
|na||preposition & prefix: away, off|
|nuzh||knee; to kneel|
|omb||preposition & prefix: up, above|
|ombdza||shadow; to give shadow to someone;|
|ombpadz||to bring up; to raise;|
|plat||to happen, to have, to give|
|prat||to tell, to say|
|sumar||hymn; sacred song or poetry (Prakyat loanword)|
|tel||make, produce, weave|
|tra||through, across (preposition + absolutive)|
|ur||preposition & prefix: before (temporally & locally)|
|urnuzh||to kneel before someone; to worship (metaphorically)|
|wa||one, a certain|
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