Ring A: 5/20: Calénnawn

René Uittenbogaard
[ Relay 14 | Ring A | Ring B | Ring C | Conlangs | Participants ]
[ Calénnawn | Smooth English | From Θywǵø | Grammar | Vocabulary | Abbrevs. ]

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Calénnawn

Tésvo fítro.

Ley o gíxe bánxa be qúmpatme zévo spis:

Muy dudáyge-qoy!

On ifúrti sobésse scu bánxa be qúmpatme zévo spis:

O daróš nalástuduv péðëe cówlo-qoy f-áycibos cor péðëe.
O daróš nalástuduv ingúded lúxci-qoy sum cas ífna f-hinátibi.
O daróš nalástuduv smig hi bóza-qoy biw.
O daríš nalástuduv ánteðel qóy-qoy so qána.
O daróš nalástuduv itánëa húrme qat on áffiba.
O daróš nalástuduv vérno, h qúba prohíru-qoy qána sínu sónnti.
O daróš nalástuduv éynu lúxci f-éynu, úrne on ušúlu cso-qoy, sno o viw órpil fuféltu-qoy.
O daróš nalástuduv írðo lúxci-qoy f-òfer-úyxo xu bési.
Lénta-qoy biw num h ðelc.
O daróš nalástuduv ófiber lúxci-qoy f-ófiber xu bési.
O daróš nalástuduv vàla-folšálëe vàla-šàlëe-qóy-qoy biw traq.
Anc ifúrta drámor éyve ifúrta dráhir-qoy biw supé h vicípibe.
Búlor máfo vàla-folšálëe-qoy traq.
Bési qoy-qoy son ófer, máfo sno gol ífna.

Smooth Translation

Second part.

Then the priest speaks and says this:

Let us pray!

The people laugh or speak and say this:

Let the deity called "soul" gain whiteness of soul.
Let the deity called "sun" give brightness to everyone.
Let the deity called "fire" not harm them.
Let the deities called "plant" do great [things].
The deity called "moon" works until darkness.
The deity called "sea", let the water be as big as you.
Let the deity called "wind" give wind, so that the head [sic] be cold,
and their clothes may flutter.
Let the deity called "tree" give good shadow to them.
Protect them from danger.
Let the deity called "goodness" give goodness to them.
Let the deity called "marriage" have them marry each other.
May a short person with a young person lead them to comfort.
May they now marry each other.
Let them do this good [thing], now and always.

Translation from Θywǵø

Second part.

Then the priest says this:

Let us pray!

The people laugh or say this:

Let the deity called "soul" gain whiteness of the soul.
Let the deity called "sun" shine upon everyone.
Let the deity called "great fire" not harm them.
Let the deities called "plants" do great [things].
The deity called "moon" works until darkness.
The deity called "sea", let the water be as big as you.
Let the deity called "wind" give wind, for coolness of the head,
so that their clothes may flutter.
Let the deity called "at the tree" give good shadow to them.
Protect them from danger.
Let the deity called "there is goodness" give goodness to them.
Let the deity called "marriage" join them to each other.
Let a short person with a young person lead them to comfort.
Let them join with each other for love, now.
Let them do this good [thing], now, always.

Grammar

  1. Calénnawn is a pro-drop language, usually with SVO word order.
  2. $ is an alternative spelling for s-caron (i.e. s-hachek) for non-UTF-8 environments. These represent the same letter (/S/).
  3. Acute and grave accents denote primary and (in compounds) secondary stress, respectively. Vowels with acute or grave accents are not fundamentally different from the plain vowels, since the stress can shift when words are combined into compound words.
  4. Adjectives precede the nouns, but can also occur standalone (e.g. the big [one]). Cardinal numerals follow the nouns they belong to, ordinals precede them.
  5. There are many conjunctions, nearly all of which express that one constituent of the first sentence is identical to one of the constituents in the second sentence. The constituent may be left out from one of the sentences. Example: be (subject of 1st sentence is identical to subject of 2nd)
  6. The imperative and subjunctive are both formed by suffixing the verb with "-qoy". The imperative then requires the subject to be epistemic, the subjunctive requires a deontic subject:
    Sónnti sobésse-qoy! Laugh!
    Stu sobésse-qoy. May you laugh.
  7. The plural forms of nouns are formed by replacing the vowel in the last syllable with |i|:
    fítro part
    fítri parts
  8. (There are two cases (in this text): nominative and accusative. The noun case is marked on the article.
  9. All prepositions govern the nominative.
  10. Verbs have two voices: active and inverse. There are corresponding active and inverse participles, which have different forms depending on whether they are used as adjectives or adverbs.
  11. Nouns for properties are formed with the properties abstractor (infix) -ib-, infixed between the last CV-pair in the word:
    ófer good
    ófiber goodness
  12. In compound words, the first part is the modifying part: a predicate A-B is a B of type A.
  13. The absence of an article in the nominative indicates indefiniteness.
  14. There is no copula "to be": a noun or adjective may be used as predicate directly.

Vocabulary

áffa adj dark
ánteðel n plant
áycos adj white
bóza v harm, damage, hurt so.
búlor pron they (3pl, nominative, deontic)
be conj and (see note (5): subject of 1st sentence is identical to subject of 2nd)
biw pron them (3pl, accusative)
bánxa v speak
bési pron they (3pl, nominative, epistemic)
cówlo v gain, win sth.
cas pron someone
cor prep of, belonging to, in any way related to
cso adj cold
daróš n god/deity
dra v accompany
dudáyge v pray
-duv adj -ing (active participle used as adjective)
ðelc n danger
éynu n wind
éyve adj young
f- proclitic (see fh)
fh /f@/ art the (concept/idea/mass/uncountable, accusative)
fol- prefix act of .. (action, gerund)
fuféltu v wave, flutter, fly (of cloth)
fítro n part, segment
gol adv sometime
gowsínu v be like, resemble
gíxe n priest
h /@/ art the (concept/idea/mass/uncountable, nominative)
húrme v work, labour
hi adv not
hináti adj bright
-ib- infix -ness (property abstractor, see note (11))
ífna numeral all, every
ifúrta n person
ingúded name (proper name: the sun)
írðo n tree
itánëa name (proper name: the moon)
lúxci v give sth.
ley conj and then, next
lénta v protect so/sth.
máfo adv now
-mor suffix -ed (inverse participle used as preposition or adverb)
muy pron we (inclusive, epistemic; nominative)
nalástu v have .. for name, be called ..
num prep away from (abstract)
o(n) art the (nominative, definite, countable)
ófer adj good (agreeable, pleasant, positive)
órpel n piece of clothing
prohíru v be long/big,have measurements ..
péðëe n soul
qúba n water
qúmpatme v say
qat prep until
qoy v do; to make/force/have so. do sth. (also: as enclitic: imperative or subjunctive, see note (6))
qána adj big, large, great
sónnti pron you (2sg, nominative, epistemic)
scu conj or
se(n) art a (accusative, indefinite, countable)
smig n fire
sno conj and
so art the (accusative, definite, countable)
sobésse v laugh
spis pron it (accusative)
šálëe v join
sum prep towards (abstract)
supé prep towards (concrete)
sínu prep like, compared with
tes numeral two
traq pron each other (accusative)
úrne conj so that
ušúlu n head
úyxo n shadow
vicípe adj comfortable
viw poss.pron their (3pl)
vála v love, be compassionate with
vérno n sea
-vo suffix (makes ordinal from cardinal)
zévo adj this

Abbreviations

n noun
v verb
art article
adv adverb
adj adjective
pron pronoun
poss.pron possessive pronoun
conj conjunction
prep preposition
postp postposition
2sg 2rd person singular
3sg 3rd person singular
3pl 3rd person plural

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Index

February 19th, 2007
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