Ring A: 16/20: Rokbeigalmki

Steg Belsky
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[ Rokbeigalmki | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

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Rokbeigalmki

  1. dhaz-a íto uz -- solgn-a suddu-a.
  2. mald-a oza-solg sha'gub-a sa'jhoulg:
  3. "ailzh izoi-guvdhab sa'dratz raflet-a.
  4. sa'dratz raflet-a, ailzh-a iza-kevent sha'ilzao.
  5. izoi-dagafsa za'ailzh sha'âîlzeiâûrdzaasht-a,
  6. i iz -- ish ezoi'nyih-daleghiid;
  7. ailzh-a izoiza-fiizhag sha'raflep-a,
  8. i ezoiza-dacharzad sha'naurpm-a tzi-a ya'ailz,
  9. i iza-dratz za'ailzh-a tzma kuhval;
  10. ailzh-a izoi-hail nga'pratzpm sha'aurdzaasht-a;
  11. izoi-dal za'ailzh-a wa'lihrdhm tzmuh tzrus;
  12. ailzh-a izoi-dal sha'iip wa'ilzao wa'ilhao;
  13. íto -- bar sudati sa'dratz gaheist-a uhz;
  14. dhaz-a íto uhz -- dal-adn,
  15. i dhaz ii-iltao!"

Smooth Translation

  1. this is Ito -- the second song.
  2. the [male] human is singing the message with hope:
  3. "a [female] power speaks through the sunset.
  4. through the sunset, the [female] power understands everything.
  5. she, the power, wakes up the forest life,
  6. and her -- you cannot stop her;
  7. the [female] power is constantly fighting the darkness,
  8. and you are constantly brightening her underworlds using a soul,
  9. and she, the power, is passing our hair;
  10. the [female] power protects the forest from faraway places;
  11. she, the power, gives to youths their strength;
  12. the [female] power gives love to everyone and everything; (or: '...to every actor and every object')
  13. Ito is a friendly child through the time of maturation;
  14. this is Ito -- a gift,
  15. and this is forever!"

Grammar

1. Rokbeigalmki has no indefinite article, just a definite one.

WAJU 'a house'
WAJU-A 'the house'

2. Rokbeigalmki is a mostly agglutinative language which works by adding affixes.

MANOI 'eat'
DA|MANOI 'feed'
MANOI-AD 'be eaten'

3. Adjectives can precede or follow the nouns they modify; when following, they must agree with the noun in terns of definiteness, number, and gender. When preceding, they do not need to. If the noun is definite, any adjectives must follow it. However, deictics and possessive adjectives are automatically considered definite, even if they precede their nouns.

SUD|GOIYAT O-MALD 'a tall man'
O-MALD O-SUD|GOIYAT 'a tall man'
O-MALD-A O-SUD|GOIYAT-A 'the tall man'
DHU MALD 'that person'
MALD-A DHU-A 'that person'
TZII WAJU 'my house'
WAJU-A TZII-A 'my house'
WAJU TZII 'a house of mine'

4. Rokbeigalmki makes use of case-prefixes, all of which follow the phonetic form Consonant-/a/-'. However, they can be compounded with each other, and when this happens they detach and the second prefix assumes its long form, with /Or/ instead of /a/.

TA' 'in'
NGA' 'from'
NGA'TAUR 'from inside, (motion) out of'

5. To take a Rokbeigalmki 'verb-noun root' and conjugate it as a verb, a 'subject-tense complex' is added. This is formed out of a pronoun and a prefix that marks the tense of the verb, as well as optional markers for positivity, negativity, etc.

OZ 'he'
(|)U(-) (past tense)
(')TIH(-) (positive)
FARIT (n) 'jump', (v) 'jump'
OZU-FARIT 'he did jump'

6. Verbless subject-tense complexes also exist. These only come at the end of sentences, and have a verbal meaning of "be" "be at" "go" "do" or "exist" depending on context. The vowel of the tense marker is 'accent-lengthened'. This is also the only time you can leave out a tense marker, using just the bare pronoun. In this case, the implicit verb is considered timeless or eternal.

SUD|GOIYAT IZ|ÓÍ 'she is (generally) tall' (present-routine tense)
SUD|GOIYAT IZ|Á 'she is tall (at the moment)' (present-immediate tense)
SUD|GOIYAT IZ 'she is tall' (eternal, simple copula, tenseless)

7. The 'adjective-verb' prefix can be used to describe a noun with a time-dependent verbal adjective. This prefix uses the same verbal tense markers as verbs. Unlike regular adjectives, adjective-verbs do not agree with their nouns even though they can only follow them.

SLYITHL 'snake'
DA|MET (v) 'kill' (MET = 'die')
SLYITHL-A SUD|DAMET-A 'the deadly snake'
SLYITHL-A OOL|OI-DAMET 'the snake which kills'
SLYITHL-A OOL|U-DAMET 'the snake that has killed'

8. Rokbeigalmki makes use of construct-compounding. Each word in the compound is preceded with a ^ (written over the first letter in the native Rokbeigalmki scripts), and the final vowel in each word is lengthened in speech. If the first word is plural, a marker |EI^ is inserted after it.

OKTA 'war'
ARAG (v) 'return'
ÔKTAÂRAGH-A 'the returnee's war'
ÔKTAEIÂRAGH-A 'the returnee's wars'

9. In Rokbeigalmki, the subjects of sentences are usually unmarked. However, they can be marked with the optional subject marking case- prefix; similarly, if the subject is marked, the object can be left without its own object marking case-prefix.

10. Pronouns in Rokbeigalmki come in two forms -- subject, ending in _Z, and non-subject, ending in _SH. Non-subjects can be 'fronted' for emphasis by putting them in subject form at the beginning of the sentence, even if they are not the syntactic subject of the verb.

11. Verbs can have 'compound tense' where tense marking vowels are built up, separated by a reduplicated Z.

OZ 'he'
U- (past tense)
OI- (present-routine tense)
OZUZOI- 'he used to, he generally has, he would'

Vocabulary

( | no orthographic connection )
(n) noun
(v) verb
(pre) case-prefix
(|)A- (present-immediate tense marker)
-A 'the' (definite article)
-AD (passive marker)
AILZ (n) 'soul, lifeforce, living being'
AILZH (n) 'power[ful entity]'
ATI (v) 'become friends, become friendly', (n) 'friendliness, amiability'
AURDZAASHT (n) 'forest, jungle, dense expanse of trees'
BAR (n) 'child' [in relationship, not necessarily in age]
CHARZAD (v) 'brighten, glow', (n) 'light, brightness'
DA| (causative marker)
DAL (v) 'give', (n) 'act of giving'
DAL-AD|N (n) 'gift'
|DH (agent marker)
DHAZ 'this'
DRATZ (v) 'pass, move through/around/alongside', (n) 'pass'
DU 'two'
|EI^ (plural construct binder)
EZ (2nd-person singular subject pronoun)
FIIZHAG (v/n) 'struggle, fight'
GAFSA (v) 'wake up', (n) 'awakening'
GAHEIS (v) 'grow older, mature', (n) 'maturity, age'
GUB (v) 'make a sound expressing meaning', (n) 'communicative expression'
GUVDHAB (v) 'say, speak', (n) 'statement'
HAIL (v) 'watch, guard, protect', (n) 'guard, protection'
I 'and'
(|)II- (future/irrealis tense marker)
IIP (v/n) 'love'
ILU 'all, every, any'
IL|HAO 'everyone, everything' [corresponds to non-subjects]
IL|TAO 'forever, always'
IL|ZAO 'everyone, everything' [corresponds to subjects]
ÍTO (a name)
ISH (3rd-person singular female non-subject pronoun)
IZ (3rd-person singular female subject pronoun)
JHOULG (v) 'hope, look forward, expect positively', (n) 'optimism, hope'
KEVENT (v) 'understand, comprehend', (n) 'understanding, comprehension'
KUHVAL (n) 'hair'
LEGHIID (v) 'be prevented'
LIHR (n) 'youth'
LIHR|DH (n) 'youth, young person'
|M (plural marker)
MALD (n) 'human being'
|N (singular/particular instance marker)
NAUR (pre; form of NA') 'underside'
NGA' (pre) 'from, since'
'NYIH- (negative marker)
(|)OI- (present-routine tense marker)
OZ (3rd-person singular male subject pronoun)
|P (place)
PRATZ (v) 'retreat, move away, grow distant', (n) 'distance'
RAFLEP (v) 'darken, dim', (n) 'darkness)
RAFLE|T (n) '[sun]set'
SA' (pre) 'next to, with, alongside, by, near'
SHA' (pre) (direct object marker)
SOLG (v) 'sing', (n) 'song'
SUD| (adjective marker)
|T (time)
TZI 'her, hers'
TZMA 'our, ours'
TZMUH 'their, theirs' (epicene-animate plural)
TZRUS (v) 'become strong', (n) 'strength'
UHZ (3rd-person singular epicene-animate subject pronoun)
UZ (3rd-person singular inanimate subject pronoun)
WA' (pre) 'to, towards'
YA' (pre) 'by, by means of, with' (instrument marker)
ZA' (pre) (syntactic subject marker)

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February 19th, 2007
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