Ring B: 12/22: Silindion

Elliott Lash
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[ Silindion | Smooth English | Grammar | Vocabulary ]

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Silindion

Kirma níssië i liori viomma tenkampra

Eispuruna i kirmán më, siorna:

  1. Nayoi koyina ternán nivamanu;
    Anta yó sophárdëa.
  2. Nayoi koyina ternán nannu;
    I hyophássëan na nampárdëa.
  3. Nayoi nelina leirtán i hwastanu;
    Ka salim na rómpëa.
  4. Nayoi nelina leirtán estindu;
    Vermán antur nampáindëa.
  5. Id nayoi tekina Alarienu;
    Tessephevi na mírdëa.
  6. Id nayoi tekina osnu;
    Lavaiti mueiri ostóndëa.
  7. Ta ssesina id i nórëanu;
    Anti lénëan mórnië neldéndëa.
  8. Ta ssesina id niva lamanu;
    Atti lëanto elyántëa
  9. Sinë ssa sassina id ílëanu!
    Antéin sompalim nírdëa.
  10. Tekena vieitma ássëu-madë,
    Menna sirrina míssëanna:
  11. Mirín i vio më lion.
    Mirín i lio më vion.
    Maréna lëantán ihyóvi,
    asseihyóvi, neimë yó.
  12. Id ess: vestimë.'

Smooth Translation

The Marriage Prayer of a Pious Man and Woman

We shall recite this prayer, saying:

  1. Let us leave thanks to beauty;
    Resting with us ever.
  2. Let us leave thanks to light;
    Bestowing the day's-warmth on us.
  3. Let us give praise to the hearth;
    Keeping us from evil.
  4. Let us give praise to harvest-time;
    Gathering up grain for our-sake.
  5. And let us pray to Alarie;
    Loving us in the whispering of the Silver-gray.
  6. Indeed let us pray to the wind;
    Breathy good-weather of sailors.
  7. We may thank indeed the trees;
    Presenting a shady shelter to us.
  8. We may thank indeed precious goodness;
    Emboldening us with success.
  9. And therefore may we lift up hands indeed to God!
    Begetting children from sleep.
  10. We intend to pray about our future paths
    For we start now in Marriage:
  11. This man shall love the woman.
    This woman shall love the man.
    We intend to bring success today,
    Tomorrow and forever.
  12. Behold it: it is truth.'

Grammar

Sound changes to be aware of:

a + u > o
d + d > d
s > r (before n)
n > zero between consonants
a + i > ei
n > zero (before v, l)
o + i > ei
n + f > ph
n > zero (before n)
o + ië >
ë + ei > iei

In verb conjugations, those stems ending in 'changeable' consonants are written with UPPER case letters. Thus, maD and saT are changeable stems. For these verbs, the following changes apply:

'd' > 'r' (among other things)
't' > 'ss'

Lenition

This happens between words. Words like: i, ta, sinë (and others) cause lenition. Lenition causes various sound changes, the following are important here:

t > ss
f > hw

Noun Declension

It's best if you refer here: http://erelion.free.fr/ (case usage is also found on the frathwiki page below)

Verb Declension

You can refer here for some fragmentary information: http://wiki.frath.net/SILINDION

However, in general: The indicative present is formed by adding a vowel to the base (called the thematic vowel). This is a copy of the root vowel. Hence, root -i- verbs add -i to the base. The present means either simple present time, progressive present or future.

The subjunctive present is formed by adding -i to any base, regardless of the vowel of the root. The subjunctive either means 'may' or is translated by a basic present form of the verb...after certain particles, like 'ta' or 'nayoi'.

The optative is formed by adding -e. It means either 'hope to X' or 'intend to X' or 'would that we/I/etc. X'

After all of the above endings, the pronominal endings can be added.

The adjectival gerund is formed with the suffix -(n)dëa (really the adjectival case of the gerund ending -na). It basically translates as the -ing form of the verb. But, can be used to form various other types of deverbal adjectives...Unlike the present participle suffix (which is unused here), the adjectival gerund can take arguments.

Order is roughly VSO, although S is usually expressed as a personal ending on the verb.

Vocabulary

(I've included notes about the type of language used in this poem, just if you're interested, or willing to replicate them in your own language. Also, the 'meter' if you can call it that is basically stanzas of 17 syllables each. Well, 17 syllables until you get to the 11th stanza, which is not technically part of the poem. It's more a closing benediction. In any event, the syllables are counted much as you'd expect, except that in Silindion poetry, ëa and ië [iei] are counted as one syllable. Also ëu, pronounced /ew/ is obviously one syllable)

Alarië moon-angel, the moon personified (ie-stem)
anta child (a-stem)
assë future, yet to come
asseihyon tomorrow (n-stem)
at- us
eispur- to recite
elyat- to gild, embolden, strengthen
ess it
estina harvest (-d stem, gerund) (dialect form of estena)
fasta hearth (a-stem)
fássë familial love, warmth (-ay stem)
hyon- daily, day's, day
i the
id behold, indeed, that, this
ilë God (here an ay-stem, a sure sign of the poets confusion between High and Low Silindion, since the correct High Silindion form is an e-stem. This is a slightly awkward and may imply a non-standard view of the deity here, if used deliberately or may be the mark of unskilled poet if not.
ihyon today (n-stem)
ka from, away from
kirma prayer (a-stem)
koy- to place, put
la good
lama goodness, wellbeing (a-stem)
lëanta success, wellness, luck (a-stem)
leirta praise (a-stem)
lenë shelter (ay-stem)
lio wife, woman, lady (o-stem)
maD- to bring
this, that
menna because that
missë love (ay-stem)
mir- to love
morno shade (o-stem)
muo sailor (o-stem)
na us (clitic) (very non-standard...although necessitated by the type of meter used here, so perhaps not so egregious as the non-standard stem-class of ilë 'God')
nampar- to bestow, fill up
nampay- to gather, save
nan light (irr.-stem)
nayoi let (+subjunctive)
neimë in addition, also, finally, this and...
ne(l)- to give
nelden- to present
nis- to beget, give birth to
niss marriage (ss-stem)
niva beautiful
nivama beauty (a-stem)
norë tree (ay-stem)
os wind (st-stem)
osto- to breathe
rop- to keep, watch, guard
san evil (-n stem)
saT- to lift up hands in prayer, raise up
sinë therefore, thus, and so, so that
siorna thus, saying
sirr- to begin, start
sompa sleep (a-stem)
sophar- 'to rest'
ta that (conjunction)
tek- to pray
tenka praying (a-stem, gerund)
terna 'thanking, thanks' (a-stem, gerund)
tes- to thank
tessephë gray-whispering, whispering of the silver gray, night in poetry
vaiti upper air, atmosphere, air, weather
vëa path (ëa-stem)
verma grain, corn
vestima truth
vio man, husband (o-stem)
always, forever, evermore, everlasting, ever

Suffixes (allomorphs in parenthesis, case suffixes with -t- in them are used on pronominal stems, well, only pronominal stems ending in 't' actually.... Also, gerund forms differ according to which type of consonant the verb ends in. It's relatively straight forward: verbs ending stops have NASAL+STOP+ëa, whereas all other verbs have (NASAL)+dëa)

-dë passive participle
-e optative mood
-i subjunctive mood
-i essive case
-i plural
-i present tense for root-i-verbs
-ië adjectival case
-lim ablative case
-mma commitative case (-ma, -nta)
-mpra full of, -ful (also can translates adjective in -ous, -ant, etc.)
-n third singular present
-n accusative case (-an, -ti)
-na first person plural
-(n)dëa adjectival gerund (-mpëa, -ntëa)
-nna allative case (-anna)
-nu dative case (-du, -anu, -nti)
-nur benefactive case (-ntur)
-ri genitive case
-tma relative case, topical case
-u instrumental case
-vi locative case

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February 19th, 2007
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